20:53 20 Mar 19
I-DEV0338: Measurement of methane content of biogas
|Submitted by||DNV (21 Sep 2010)|
|Project activity||1164: AWMS Methane Recovery Project BR06-S-29, Sao Paulo, Brazil|
|Selected monitoring period||01 Feb 2008 - 31 Mar 2010|
|Title/subject of deviation||Measurement of methane content of biogas|
This request is to allow deviation of measurement of methane content of biogas as specified by ID 3 in Table D1 of the registered PDD by measuring the CO2 content of biogas and calculating the methane content instead of directly measuring the methane content.
The project developer has undergone an extensive evaluation and selection process to find the most reliable and durable equipment for measuring methane at its project activities. This process took considerably longer than anticipated by the project developer. At this time, the project developer has identified and begun using this monitoring equipment and, as of July 2008, the direct measurement of methane has been implemented in accordance with the monitoring methodology and the monitoring plan and this practice will be used for all subsequent monitoring periods.
Prior to measuring the methane content the project developer has monitored the methane content of biogas using practices considered to be correct during validation and identical to the monitoring practices at other registered and verified projects by the same project developer applying AM0016 version 02.
Biogas consists of mainly CO2 and methane. Recent measurements of both the methane and CO2 content of biogas taken from sites within this project activity showed that the sum of CO2 and methane averaged 97.96% with a 95% confidence level of 96.16%. An earlier analysis of other similar advanced Animal Waste Management Systems (AWMS) in Brazil and Mexico, developed by the same project developer and applying the same project technology showed that the sum of CO2 and methane averaged 99.0% with a 95% confidence level of 96.7%. However, in order to be most conservative, the project developer has opted to use the minimum value of the sum of CO2 and methane found in its testing as the value to be applied across the all projects of this methodology version. This value is 94% for the sum of CO2 and methane with 6% trace or other gas. Hence, if this request for deviation is accepted, the percentage of methane in biogas will be calculated as 94% minus the percentage of CO2.
Measurements of the percentage of CO2 in biogas have the same accuracy as measurements of the percentage of methane. Hence, the monthly measurement of the percentage of CO2 and the calculation of the percentage of methane as described above ensures in our opinion the same level of accuracy.
As of July 2008, the direct measurement of methane has been implemented in accordance with the monitoring methodology and the monitoring plan and this practice will be used for all subsequent monitoring periods. To use measurements of the CO2 content of biogas to calculate the methane content instead of directly measuring the methane content is required due to the project participants initially not finding reliable and durable equipment for measuring methane at its project activities. Hence, a request for deviation is suitable in accordance with paragraph 212 of the Validation and Verification Manual (Version 01.2).
The deviation is expected to result in an underestimation of the emission reductions as it is conservatively assumed that biogas contains 6% trace gases.
|Annexes||Spreadsheet with recent methane and CO2 content measurements at sites within this project activity (28 KB)|
|Link to the documentation made available at validation stage or monitoring report||Link to relevant documentation|
|Signed form||Signed form (370 KB)|
|Decision||This request for deviation has been accepted.|
|Current status||23 Nov 2010 - Deviation accepted|
21 Sep 2010 -
19 Oct 2010 - Successfully passed the Completeness Check
08 Nov 2010 - Awaiting EB decision